The 1 Million Euro Custom Ubuntu Kernel

DomainBop

Dormant VPSB Pathogen
OVH offers users  the choice of using its modified custom Linux kernels or the regular distro's kernel.  Ubuntu's license contains a clause that requires anyone who distributes a modified version of Ubuntu to get approval from Ubuntu and pay a license fee to use the Ubuntu mark. Canonical/Ubuntu wants OVH to pay a licensing fee of 1-2 euros monthly for each installation which over the course of a year would amount to about 1 million euros.  According to the article Canonical (owner of Ubuntu) is also asking Dreamhost, which also uses a modified version of Ubuntu,  to pay a licensing fee.


(google translate was invented so you could read the French articles I link tohttp://www.clubic.com/pro/actualite-e-business/actualite-809784-ubuntu-canonical-payer-ovh.html
 
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graeme

Active Member
Well, yes. The point of trademarks is to allow the trade mark owner to control who uses, and impose conditions.

Red Haw will not let you redistribute anything containing its trade mark at all - which is why CentOS exists and no one has a problem with that.

So call it something else, or use Debian.
 

graeme

Active Member
They cannot give it a name that is similar - that is still covered by the trademark. Similarly CentOS could not use a name like "Red Cap".
 

DomainBop

Dormant VPSB Pathogen
^^  likelihood of confusion (link to EU directive) rules out Obuntu.

I'm guessing they might rename it.
Renaming it would solve the trademark issue but Canonical also requires that ALL binaries (not just the ones containing the trademark) be recompiled because they claim a copyright on the original Ubuntu binaries (see FSF member bitching about Canonical's recompiling requirement here: https://mjg59.dreamwidth.org/35969.html?thread=1419649 ) .


edited to add: Ubuntu IP Rights Policy
 
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web-project

Member
Verified Provider
OVH can use the following paragraph:

You can redistribute Ubuntu, but only where there has been no modification to it.


You can redistribute Ubuntu in its unmodified form, complete with the installer images and packages provided by Canonical (this includes the publication or launch of virtual machine images).
as OVH is modified all kernels therefore can redistribute the Ubuntu.
 

graeme

Active Member
Renaming it would solve the trademark issue but Canonical also requires that ALL binaries (not just the ones containing the trademark) be recompiled because they claim a copyright on the original Ubuntu binaries (see FSF member bitching about Canonical's recompiling requirement here: https://mjg59.dreamwidth.org/35969.html?thread=1419649 ) .
That changed, at least, as far as GPL licensed binaries go:


https://sfconservancy.org/news/2015/jul/15/ubuntu-ip-policy/


There may be a problem with binaries under BSD and similar licences (probably depending on jurisdiction though). Even if Canonical could claim copyright on those binaries, they may not bother in practice.

The big sticking point seems to be the name. If its recognisably Ubuntu they have to pay up, if it is not no one who wants Ubuntu will use it.
 
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